At the risk of mixing word origins, metaphors and history, “Arcos de la Frontera ” (see previous post) could easily be described/experienced as a “byzantine labyrinth”. The “old city”, sitting atop the hill in the previous post, is a complex maze of angles and shadows formed by endless white stucco walls, each rectangular but positioned at various angles to one another. Sun is reflected in so many different directions by the faces of the buildings, it is almost impossible to gauge time of day or direction.
One has to consider whether “Cubism” might have been influenced on some level by the the geometry of this architecture. The principal founders of the movement, Picasso and George Braque both spent time in southern Spain surrounded by the angular shapes and two dimensional surfaces of the buildings. This architectural geometry, perhaps in a less conscious way, appears to be reflected (at least potentially) in their early works; Picasso growing up in Malaga (Andulucia) and George Braque having spent time in Barcelona shortly before both pioneered a radically new style and movement. A short search of the history of Cubism is rich with papers on its impact on 20th century architecture but appears not to have explored the inverse; that is, the possible causative link between architecture as the antecedent. Would love to have thoughts or comments from others far better versed on the subject.